A.B. McCaughan Family Line

 

I decided to put together a brief history of the McCaughans and the family line for the descendents of A.B. McCaughan (Aubrey Brown "Pappy"). I also made a Peterson line (changed to Hunsaker) page here:

http://mccaughan.webs.com/peterson.htm (if you are from that line you would know, in-laws of McCaughan)

I made this website in simple html so you can easily save it as a file and keep it forever. Just hit “File” then “Save As“ then hit “Save as type: Webpage HTML only.“ You should be able to open it 50 years from now with whatever web browser you have. I made it to last. This is your genealogy after all, you might want to keep it. So save it, print it, email it, give it to your kids and cousins. If someone wants to make an online family tree, make a website, or use this information in any way, feel free to do so. This site looks like a good place to build a family tree, plus it already has tons of data on our line:

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/

Ireland and Scotland were inhabited by an ancient race of "people of the yellow hair" know as the Picts. Coming mostly from Celtic Spain, the Picts were an ancient and powerful civilization, and the most overlooked ancient civilization I’ve ever heard of. Many historians don’t even know of their existence. Their history was largely erased by the Romans and later the British, and it seems as even the Scottish weren’t very interested in preserving it. After Christianity took over the region, that part of their history seemed to be lost intentionally.

The most surprising thing about the Picts was the strength of their military, they gave the Romans hell throughout the entire length of the Roman Empire‘s rule. These massive blonde warriors used hit and run tactics often on horseback with long spears to totally shock those tiny Roman soldiers. The Romans actually built a massive wall to keep out these tall blonde "barbarians" in southern Scotland know as Hadian’s Wall. That they were able to hold back the mighty Roman Empire for so long gives you an idea to their strength as civilization. The History Channel shows a documentary on Hadrian’s Wall if you can catch it, but the British historians in it really tie themselves into knots trying to dismiss the Picts for being the reason it was built.

More on the Picts here:

http://www.members.tripod.com/~Halfmoon/

The McCaughans started as Pictish tribe, the horse tribe (or horse lord). The McCaughan clan and tribe have been bouncing back between southern Scotland and northern Ireland for at least a couple of thousand years. The horse was, apparently, a main source of their military and tribal power. Many of this tribe were Pictish kings, due to the fact that head of the various tribes took turns ruling the Pictish civilization. A rather democratic form of government. Eventually the British made a deal with the Vikings to defeat the Picts, which they did, and they were never the same. What you see by the time of the movie "Braveheart" is a very degraded and nearly defeated culture, compared to their history anyway. By the way, the McCaughan clan was right in the middle of all that Braveheart story, two heads of the clan were major supporters and friends of Robert the Bruce. Roland McCaughan died in battle fighting alongside Robert the Bruce, and his son Hector McCaughan became his "Private Standard Bearer" after Robert became king, a huge honor. If you haven’t seen Braveheart yet, watch it. The Wallaces, the Stuarts, the Johnstons, the McCaughans, our blood is imbedded in that entire history. And it perfectly captured the spirit and struggle of the Picts and clans.

The McCaughan’s clan and their original tribe is rather ancient. Long have they claimed to have come from an Iarel Glunmar, an Ulster Pict king that lived about the time of Christ in northern Ireland, which seems plausible. In 247 A.D. Prince Eachain brought his tribe to southern Scotland, where they lived until the 1600’s. In that time there were 14 recorded Pictish chiefs, Eachain, Aedh or Hugh, Fergus, Donald, Angus, Aedh, Conall, Neachain, Eachain Mor, Alexander, Malcom and Kenneth who succeeded Eachain I. Then they, finally, started using last names and so we had the first head of the Clan McCaughan in 1100 A.D., Gillechrist McCaughan. I posted the Gillechrist line farther down this page if you want to check it out. So the history of the McCaughan clan is amazingly well documented. Living on the southern border of Scotland all that time made them warriors. This was the front lines where the Picts and clans fought off the Romans, Normans, and British.

One of the McCaughans clan ancestral home is named Barmagachan, located in southern Scotland (now UK) close to Kirkcudbright just northwest of Borgue. The clan had lived in Barmagachan since the 1200’s, and amazingly, it’s still there. Barmagachan is somewhere between a castle and a house, sort of a mansion. You can, sadly, buy Barmagachan right now for about half a million bucks if you got it. It has recently been renovated and there is little left of the original historic house. Even before Barmagachan our clan lived near Glenluce, as far back as 247 A.D. The McCaughan lands in Scotland were between Glenluce and Borgue, where land was gained and lost over the years.

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/16873058 (photo near Glenluce in Scotland)

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/11885220 (photo of countryside near Barmagachan in Scotland)

http://www.dgspc.co.uk/schedule/20549.pdf (Barmagachan for sale ad)

When using Google maps or earth, just type “Borgue UK” and “Glenluce UK” for where we lived in Scotland. Around and between those two places were various McCaughan lands over the years.

This part of Scotland has some of the most beautiful lands in the world:

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/10632972

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/1063720

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/6253512

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/19549776

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/1063852

This part of Scotland is know as Galloway:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galloway

After the clan lived in Scotland for about 700 years they moved to the Ballycastle area in northern Ireland (also now UK) in the early 1600‘s. More specifically, the McCaughans lived just southeast of Ballycastle and north of Ballypatrick clustered in various townlands (farms), this includes Ballyverdagh which is referred to later on. When the clan went to Ireland it was like going home for them, northern Ireland was their homeland 700 years earlier. But emotions were mixed, you see the British stole their land in Scotland and forced them onto land in Ireland. The British had some sort of religious reason, but really they just wanted to steal land. This was know as the Plantation of Ulster:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantation_of_Ulster

http://www.ulsterancestry.com/ulster-scots.html (more the Scottish side of the story)

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/14982809 (overlooking McCaughan lands in Ireland, 1600‘s-1700‘s)

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/18965756 (ground view close to various McCaughan lands in Ireland, 1600‘s-1700‘s)

When using Google maps and earth, just type in “Ballypatrick UK” for where we lived in Ireland. Everything north of there to the ocean were mostly, if not all, were McCaughan lands between 1600’s-1700’s. And they were scattered around in farms to the south as well.

After the McCaughans came to America they went south and often married other Scotch-Irish, as you will see. By the way, "Scotch-Irish" does not mean a mix of Scottish and Irish blood. It refers to a specific bred of people, like the McCaughans, who bounced back between northern Ireland and southern Scotland. And they may not have a obvious Irish or Scottish sounding name. Also called "Lowland Scots," "Ulster-Scots, " and "Scots-Irish." They came into America between 1717 and 1780 and settled first mostly in Pennsylvania and Virginia, from where they moved southwest into the backcountry of upland territories and the Appalachian Mountains.

More on Scotch-Irish here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster-Scots

http://www.siliconglen.com/Scotland/11_24.html

I’ll just jump into the A.B. McCaughan line at this point.

I have traced the A.B. McCaughan unbroken line to the Ballycastle town of Antrim County northern Ireland. Manus McCaughan lived in Ballinlea in 1720. His son Rodger McCaughan also lived in Ballinlea and then later in Islandboy in 1734. Later Roger moved to Kilmahamogue where he had Patrick McCaughan in 1746. Patrick married Rose Stuart daughter of Alexander Stuart, the first of the Stuart family to reside in Kilmahamogue. This Stuart family was descended from Walter, son of John (Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll, was killed at the Battle of Falkirk 1298 fighting in support of William Wallace, Walter’s line became the Earls of Galloway.) These Stuarts family motto was Non nos a rcgibus sed rexes a nobis ("Not we from kings, but kings from us".) You see the Stewarts are from ancient royal stock.

More on the Stuarts of this line here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Stuart

Walter’s line were the Earls of Galloway here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Galloway

In case you were wondering, Islandboy, Ballinlea, and Kilmahamogue are basically farms. And "townland" is another name for a farm in Ireland or Scotland. There are usually roads that go by those farms of the same name, example "Islandboy Road." It’s really fun to look at these roads and Ballycastle on Google earth and maps. It gives you an idea how they lived and where they came from. For example, Islandboy Road is one street over from Kilmahamogue Road. Beautiful land. But townlands aren’t used anymore, so you won’t find them on maps. Remember when searching that Ireland and Scotland are now the UK. You can see pics and more about the history of the Ballycastle area here:

http://www.ballycastle.free-online.co.uk

http://www.geograph.ie/photo/862015 (Islandboy farm, townland)

http://www.geograph.ie/photo/862014 (another Islandboy pic)

At this point I’ll cut and paste the rest of the line up to A.B. McCaughan from:

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mccaughan/index.html?http%3A//freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/%7Emccaughan/s001w/p301.htm

Which is a great place to go if you want to see how the line branches off, with the wives and such.

After the raw data there may be more info that I got from various places on this site:

http://members.tripod.com/~McCoin_Geneology/

I put a dashing line -------- between the next McCaughan of our line’s information, so you don’t get them mixed up. And the next son in the our line will be in bold type.

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Patrick McCaughan (M)

b. circa August 1746, d. 14 June 1830

Birth*

circa August 1746, Kilmahamog, County Antrim, Ireland

Marriage*

circa July 1772, Spouse=Rose Stuart

Death*

14 June 1830, Belfast, County Antrim, Ireland

 

Family

Rose Stuart b. circa 1751, d. 24 August 1831

Children

John McCaughan b. 12 Apr 1773, d. 12 Dec 1850

Charles McCaughan b. 1775

Alexander McCaughan b. 1777, d. a 1816

Daniel Boyd McCaughan b. 1782

Mary McCaughan b. 1797, d. 18 Jan 1834

The following is a excerpt from the book “The Stewarts of Ballintoy” referring to Rose Stuart’s family on Kilmahamogue. I can‘t figure out Rose‘s exact lineage, but it‘s pretty interesting:

But it ought to be mentioned that there are traces, in this parish ot Ballintoy, of another family which latterly spelled the name Stuart, and which was supposed to be descended from an earlier founder than John Stewart, the first hereditary sheriff of Bute.

Of this family was Alexander Stewart, who owned considerable property in the townslands of Kilmahamoge and Ballinlea, and who died in 1723. He married a Scottish lady named Elizabeth Fraser, and, by her, left one son, Walter, and two daughters. Walter's first wife was a lady of the MacCarroll family, once so influential on this coast, and his second wife was a daughter of the house ot MacNeill ot Clare, or Dunananney, near Ballycastle. By the latter he left one son, John, who married a lady named Simpson, ot Bowmore, in Isla. He died soon after his marriage, leaving one son, the late John Stuart or Kilmahamoge, then only a child ot six years old. The latter was removed to Scotland by his grandmother Simpson, and brought up by the old lady in the hope that he would adopt the military profession, as he had uncles and grand-uncles in the army, and as she, being a Campbell nearly connected with the Duke of Argyle, could have easily procured for her grandson a good position.

But his family sympathies and traditions were entirely opposed to the policy of his kinsmen, the Campbells, who had always strenuously devoted themselves to the interests of the House of Hanover; and he, therefore, preferred returning to his native place, and to a humbler, but more peaceful lot. This gentleman exhibited, in a remarkable degree, the fine personal lineaments of the early Steward race from which he was descended. His motto was — Non nos a rcgibus sed rexes a nobis ("Not we from kings, but kings from us",) — thus implying that his family was a branch of that ancient line which had given kings to the Scottish and English thrones.

The founder of the Kilmahamoge family was supposed to have been Walter Stewart, the son of Sir John Stewart, who was slain, fighting on the side of Wallace, at the battle of Falkirk, in 1298. At all events, the late John Stuart, of Kilmahamoge, was always careful to mark the distinction between his own descent and that of the other Stewarts of Ballintoy, and had no ambition to be supposed as, in any degree, connected with the family of Bute. It is curious that the Christian names, Archibald and Christian, formerly so common in almost every branch of the Bute family, were never known among the Stuarts of Kilmahamoge. The use of Christian names, or their absence, sometimes truly indicates the family descent.

The Kilmahamoge Stuarts claimed kindred with Bernarda, the lady buried in the chancel, and the following inscription on a tablet in the southern wall of Ballintoy Church, also records the names ot some members of this family:

"Here lyeth the body of Alexander

Stewart, who departed this life, October

the 20th, 1723, aged 78 years.

Also, the body of Elizabeth Stewart,

alias Fraser, who departed this

life May ye 12, 1734, aged 82 years.

Also, their son Walter Stewart,

who departed March ye 6th, 1762."

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John McCaughan (M)

b. 12 April 1773, d. 12 December 1850

Father

Patrick McCaughan b. circa August 1746, d. 14 June 1830

Mother

Rose Stuart b. circa 1751, d. 24 August 1831

 

Birth*

12 April 1773, County Antrim, Ireland

Marriage*

20 March 1802, Blount Co., Tennessee, Spouse=Hannah Jane Johnston

Death*

12 December 1850, Rochester, Pennsylvania

 

Family

Hannah Jane Johnston b. 24 March 1781, d. 24 May 1864

Children

Kain Alexander McCaughan b. 22 Sep 1803, d. 13 Mar 1855

John Johnston McCaughan b. 15 Jun 1805, d. 3 Nov 1860

James Lee McCaughan b. 12 Aug 1807, d. 8 May 1843

Mary Ann McCaughan b. 19 Oct 1809, d. 8 Oct 1845

Thomas Boston McCaughan b. 1 Sep 1812, d. 23 Dec 1812

Charles Thompson McCaughan b. 19 Jun 1814, d. 13 Oct 1909

Thomas Boston McCaughan b. 27 Dec 1818, d. 11 Apr 1880

Nancy Jane McCaughan b. 1 Sep 1820, d. 5 Nov 1898

JOHN McCAUGHAN: of whom I have referred to as "John The Surveyor", in my books because there are so many John McCaughan's, born 12 April 1773, County Antrim, Ireland. He cane to Philadelphia around 1792 where he was a merchant and a school teacher. He at least had connections in Blount County, Tennessee for he owned land there before he went to Trigg County, Kentucky as a Government Surveyor. We know that Blount County, Temessee had a very active Covenanter Presbyterian Church, of which he was a member. He married HANNAH JANE JOHNSTON from Blount County, Temessee 20 March 1802. There were several Johnston families in Blount County so we don't know which were her parents.

Their first home in Trigg County, Kentucky was no doubt a log cabin. In Rev. Charles Thompson's autobiography he states that the rock home was built around 1815. It was called "Rocky Ridge". Now, the whole area is called that. It is about two miles east and one mile north of Cadiz, Kentucky on the Hopkinsville, Eddyville roads. It is a beautiful two story rock home with a basement. We heard that a brick mason was traveling through and built the home for a good rifle. Through the years, since the McCaughan's owned it, it has been a stage coach stop, a post office and a private school. In 1946 when they started restoring it, it was so run down, it was full of hay. In 1955, Herbert and Frances Sizemore bought it and have done a beautiful job restoring it back to the original state. He told me he found a rock slab to the side where the kitchen had been and also found the rock floors he thought were the slave quarters.

We spent three days in the court house in Cadiz, Kentucky and all one has to do is look in the early books to see that John McCaughan, at one time or another, owned most of the land in Trigg County. Their copying machine was broken so all we got done was jot down what he sold. Since he was a surveyor, he would be able to know what was being sold cheaply and too, some of the land was given to him for services he rendered. The days we were there , a man kept running in, look up something, and be gone. On the third day, we started talking to him and told him what we were doing. He said, "Tell me something, I run across John McCaughan's name every day. He owned most of Trigg County, why did he settle on the worse land around?" We couldn't answer that. Possible since he owned so much land, they built where rock was available, near the rock quary.

In a letter we have, written by a granddaughter, she tells of John McCaughan planting a peach orchard and he had such a good crop of peaches he gave some to anyone around who wanted some. He later heard that some of the men had made peach brandy out of their peaches. It made him so mad, he cut down his trees.

Schools were so few and far apart in the area and were not teaching up to John McCaughan's standards so when the two older boys became old enough, they were sent to a private school run by one of John's friends. They were gone three or four years and their mother missed them so badly that when the other children got old enough to go, she couldn't part with them so a tutor was hired. Because of this better education, wherever these children settled, they were the leaders in the communities where they settled.

John and Hannah became very unhappy with the south. The closest Covenanter Presbyterian church was 30 miles away so they didn't get to go to church very often, but Rev. Charles mentioned that each Sunday was spent in worship and studying the Bible. The slaves were free to worship and study with them. No slave worked on Sunday. Tom, the overseer, owned his own horse and was free to come and go as he chose. When the tutor was hired, any slave who wanted to learn was taught how to read and write. Rev. Charles mentions also that Haggar, their nanny, was very smart. She soon was able to read and write and she was always at their church services.

Around 1830, twenty years before the Civil War, the Presbyterian church came out that it was not right for a man to own another man. John McCaughan freed each of his slaves. He gave then each a dollar, gave them land around Rocky Ridge but made them give him back the dollar for payment so no one could ever get their land from them. He then gave them land for a church.

John took his wife and the three youngest children to Preble county, Ohio and later they moved to Stueben County. By the time they left Kentucky, the older children had married so stayed in the south. The oldest son, Kain Alexander, stayed at Rocky Ridge and sold off his father's land, which consisted of 3,000 acres, for him. Rocky Ridge was the last to be sold in 1849, recorded 15 December 1850. It is the oldest building in Trigg County. John Johnston and Mary Am went to the coast of Mississippi, James to the middle part of Mississippi, so grandsons of John McCaughan fought on both sides of the Civil War.

In 1850, John McCaughan decided to go back and see his kin in Ireland. He asked his daughter, Nancy Jane, and her husband, John Wilson, to come to take care of things while he was gone. On his way home, his last day out, he fell aboard ship and injured himself however was able to get to Rochester, Pemsylvania where he rented a room at the inn. The next morning the owner found that John had died during the night. He is buried in Rochester with a wrought iron fence around his grave.

Hannah Jane Johnston was born 24 March 1781. After her husband's death, Nancy and John Wilson stayed with Hannah, helping her. She died around 1864.

Hannah Jane Johnston came from Clan Johnstone of Annandale Scotland, Lowland Scots:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Johnstone

This line came to Dublin Ireland from Annandale Scotland as part of the Plantation of Ulster, like the McCaughans. John, Hannah’s father, line goes back a little here:

http://www.ourwallerfamily.com/PHPGedview4/pedigree.php?ged=MyFamilyFile.ged&show_full=1&talloffset=1&rootid=I516

(John Johnston was born 1735 in Dublin married to Jane Henderson born 1750 in Virginia, Hannah’s parents)

Like the Stuarts and McCaughans, the Johnston (spelled Johnstone then) clan fought in the Scottish wars on independence. In roughly 1218, William Wallace gave the Lochmaben castle to Johnstone of Eskdale, who apparently was his kinsman and fought alongside him.

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James Lee McCaughan (M)

b. 12 August 1807, d. 8 May 1843

Father

John McCaughan b. 12 April 1773, d. 12 December 1850

Mother

Hannah Jane Johnston b. 24 March 1781, d. 24 May 1864

 

Birth*

12 August 1807, Rocky Ridge, Trigg Co., Kentucky

Marriage*

27 August 1828, Cerulean Springs, Trigg Co., Kentucky, Spouse=Mahala Haggard

Death*

8 May 1843

Burial*

after 8 May 1843, Walnut Grove Cemetery

 

Family

Mahala Haggard b. 1809, d. after 1862

Children

Thomas Jackson McCaughan b. 19 Mar 1831, d. 6 May 1916

John Dawson McCaughan b. 13 Dec 1832, d. 16 Sep 1910

James Jefferson McCaughan b. 16 Mar 1835, d. 11 Feb 1905

William Wilson McCaughan b. 1837, d. b 1850

David Haggard McCaughan b. Nov 1839, d. 21 Dec 1935

Christopher Columbus McCaughan b. 8 Feb 1842, d. 1863

JAMES LEE McCAUGHAN: born 12 August 1807, Rocky Ridge, Trigg County, Kentucky (then Christian County). Married MAHALA HAGGARD, Trigg County. They moved to Sylvarena, Smith County, Mississippi where he at the time owned a large plantation with several slaves. He was a Representative from Smith County for the State of Mississippi 1840-41. James was also a surveyor. He died 8 May 1843. He is buried at Walnut Grove Cemetery at 1138 Gunter Road, Walnut Grove.

After James Lee McCaughan died, Mahala married (2) Mr. _____ Flowers. They had two sons. Something happened to Mr. Flowers, he wasn't around long. Mahala died before the Civil War was over after 1862. The boys took their two step brothers to Texas with them to raise.

More on Mahala Haggard’s line here:

http://www.kykinfolk.com/clark/family/fr008-haggardj.htm (spelled "Mahalla" on this site, an incorrect spelling)

http://www.friscoparents.net/cgi-bin/twiki/view/Genealogy/HaggardHistory (our line ends with David Haggard here)

Mahala’s father David enlisted at the age of 16 years as a private in the Revolutionary army and the Virginia Militia and was in service and on duty at Yorktown at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis to General Washington, which won the war. David was involved in these two battles, among others:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Guilford_Courthouse (This battle ended with a furious bayonet battle. Cornwallis fired cannons into it, killing his own troops! David had just joined, and this was his first battle. He was with the Virginia Militia on the second line. )

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Yorktown (which won the Revolutionary War)

Later he was a carpenter and was often employed (1789-93) to make additions or changes to Thomas Jefferson’s mansion Monticello, an amazing home featured on the back of the nickel. Later he became a Baptist preacher. David’s father, Nathaniel Haggard as a member of the Virginia Legislator, signed a local version (Albemarle County, Virginia) of the Declaration of Independence along with his neighbor, you guessed it, Thomas Jefferson. Governor Thomas Jefferson along with Nathaniel Haggard and other members of the Virginia Legislature narrowly escaped being captured by Cornwallis. Remember, this was still considered a treasonous, outlaw Virginia government. Cornwallis had taken Georgia and the Carolinas in the south and almost took Virginia, before being stopped in nearby Yorktown, rather close to home for the Haggards.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Jouett (Jack Jouett was the one who alerted the Legislature)

A little more on the Haggards as well as the Gentrys, David’s mother’s line here:

http://ajlambert.com/gentry/stry_g_h.pdf

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David Haggard McCaughan (M)

b. November 1839, d. 21 December 1935

Father

James Lee McCaughan b. 12 August 1807, d. 8 May 1843

Mother

Mahala Haggard b. 1809, d. after 1862

 

Birth*

November 1839, Smith Co., Mississippi

Marriage*

between 1860 and 1865, Spouse=Jane (?)

Marriage*

1869, Smith Co., Mississippi, Spouse=Mary Brown

Death*

21 December 1935

Burial*

after 21 December 1935, Wilmeth Cemetery, Winters, Runnels Co., Texas

 

Family 1

Jane (?) d. before 1866

Child

(?) McCaughan b. bt 1860 - 1865, d. bt 1860 - 1865

 

Family 2

Mary Brown b. July 1841, d. 1919

Children

Charles Morton McCaughan b. 17 Nov 1869, d. 20 Jan 1962

Thomas Judson McCaughan b. Jun 1871, d. 15 Dec 1942

Mary Mahala McCaughan b. 10 Mar 1873, d. 29 Sep 1936

John Dawson McCaughan b. Oct 1876, d. 1925

James Lee McCaughan b. 29 Mar 1878, d. 25 Nov 1966

William Baily McCaughan b. 5 Mar 1882, d. 28 Jun 1958

Picture of David Haggard McCaughan here:

http://mccaughan.webs.com/dhmccaughan.png

David Haggard McCaughan: fought for the Confederacy with four of his brothers. David and two of his brothers were in the 37th Mississippi Infantry, see below:

PVT. D.H. McCAUGHAN (David Haggard) Yancy Guards, Company D, G 37th Infantry, Mississippi

2nd LT. J.J. McCAUGHAN (James Jefferson) Yancy Guards, Company C 37th Infantry, Mississippi

2nd LT. T.J. McCAUGHAN (Thomas Johnston) Yancy Guards,Company G 37th Infantry, Mississippi

CPL. C.C. McCAUGHAN (Christopher Columbus) Johnston's Company, lst Battalion of the Mississippi Infantry

By the time the Civil War broke out, John Dawson McCaughan was in Texas so he fought from that state: 2nd LT. Company G, 6th Texas Regiment of Infantry, volunteers

Pictures of James Jefferson McCaughan and John Dawson McCaughan here:

http://mccaughan.webs.com/jjmccaughan.png

http://mccaughan.webs.com/jdmccaughan.png

More on the 37th Mississippi Infantry:

http://www.mississippiscv.org/MS_Units/37th_MS_Inf.htm

The 37th fought in many rough battles. It’s really a miracle that all three McCaughan brothers survived, considering the high casualties levels of many battles. Here are all the battles the 37th were in: Farmington (May 1862), Iuka (19 September 1862), Corinth (33, 4 October 1862), Vicksburg Campaign & Siege (May - July 1863), Reasca (9 May 1864), Reasca (14, 15 May 1864), Peach Tree Creek (20 July 1864), Ezra Church (28 July 1864), Jonesboro (31 August - 1 September 1864), Franklin (30 November 1864), Nashville (15, 16 December 1864), Carolinas Campaign (February - April 1865). In the Carolinas Campaign the 37th was scattered so there is little record of who fought in which battle.

You can look up each battle here:

http://americancivilwar.com/statepic/alpha.html

DAVID HAGGARD McCAUGHAN: born in Smith County, Mississippi. Buried in the Wilmeth Cemetery, Winters (just south of Abilene), TX. Wilmeth Cemetery is on the west side of Winters at the corner of Co Rd 379 and Farm to Market Rd 383. He Was a Pvt. with Yancey Guards, Company D, G 37th Infantry, Mississippi, during the Civil War. Married (1) JANE ____ who died during childbirth during the war. Married (2) MARY BROWN in Smith County after the war. After the war they went to Texas, settling first near Waco and then to Hamilton County where they remained. David lived to be 96 years old.

When David and his brothers came home from the war they found their large plantation was "destroyed" and their mother, Mahala, was dead. There is no mention to exactly what killed Mahala or destroyed their plantation. But the Union army came to that area in 1863-64, and they were most likely to blame. Union General Sherman, under orders from Grant, burned Jackson in May 1863 and later went east in February 1864 to also destroy Meridian. Our plantation was in between two those cities in a tiny village called Sylvarena. At this time, Grant and Sherman were increasing their attacks on the civilian population.

When Sherman marched from Jackson to Meridian is probably when it happened. As was becoming his normal practice, Sherman burned and killed everything he came across on the way to the battle in Meridian, making sure confederate troops would receive no help from the locals. Not that he needed a reason, Sherman was a strong advocate for southern genocide. To make matters worse, Sherman ordered his troops to live off the land on the way to Meridian. In other words, Mahala and her plantation would have been a prime target for hungry union soldiers out to steal food. People were already starving to death in that area, so they likely took the last of the food, livestock, and crops. And then they would, of course, burn down your home for good measure. So even if you survived the ordeal, you would likely starve to death. Mahala may have died due to some illness related to hunger or homelessness. Here’s an eyewitness account of someone in Sherman’s path:

http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/sherman.htm

Sherman soldiers were called “bummers,” because they dressed and drank like bums. A good time to them was getting drunk and “accidentally” burning down a southern town or city. The worst of which were his teenage soldiers he proudly called his “little devils”, who he used when he really wanted to make a mess. They didn’t know any better and Sherman encouraged their violent behavior with loose discipline. Using census and tax data, he would target large plantations, like ours, and send his “little devils” in to do as they wish. As you can imagine, giving gangs of drunken teenage boys guns and sending them to vandalize wealthy homes had disastrous results. And if things got out of control, it wasn’t Sherman’s fault, of course. Murders and rapes were very common. Most homes were burned, especially the wealthier ones.

For two years David his other two brothers in the 37th did their best to fight off the Union from this area of Mississippi in many hard battles, but ultimately, all was lost as Sherman swarmed through the area towards Meridian. The 37th had tried, unsuccessfully, to fight them out of Mississippi at Corinith, Farmington, Iuka, Vicksburg, and Jackson. But by the time Sherman reached Meridian, he took the city without opposition. In frustration, Sherman burned Meridian. Sadly, I’ve heard that people would flee to cities when troops came close. So Mahala may have left her home to the safety of Meridian, the closest city, only to die when Sherman burned it. Sherman later proudly bragged “Meridian no longer exists.“ See:

http://www.civilwar-pictures.com/articles/general/civil-war-in-mississippi/

http://www.historynet.com/william-t-shermans-first-campaign-of-destruction.htm/1

"We have devoured the land and our animals eat up the wheat and cornfields close. All the people retire before us and desolation is behind." -General William Tecumseh Sherman

“This war differs from other wars, in this particular. We are not fighting armies but a hostile people, and must make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war.” -General William Tecumseh Sherman

“The Government of the United States has in North Alabama any and all rights which they choose to enforce in war, to take their lives, their homes, their lands, their everything” -General William Tecumseh Sherman

“The war which now prevails in our land is essentially a war of races. The Southern people entered into a clear compact of Government, but still maintained a species of separate interests, history, and prejudices.” -General William Tecumseh Sherman

“No man will deny that the United States would be benefited by dispossessing a single, prejudiced, hard-headed and disloyal planter, and substitute in his place a dozen or more patient, industrious, good families, even if they be of foreign birth.” -General William Tecumseh Sherman

Sherman in a letter makes the case for southern genocide:

http://www.nytimes.com/1864/04/28/news/treatment-inhabitants-south-our-military-commanders-noteworthy-letter-major-gen.html?pagewanted=1

By act approved February 17, 1864, the thanks of Congress were tendered to the officers and men of the 37th Mississippi Regiment for their patriotic determination to continue in the service until the independence of these States shall have been firmly established. Meaning that while their homes, towns, and cities were destroyed by Sherman, they agreed to continue to fight for the confederacy. The 37th all came from the area Sherman was currently devastating. So the 37th was quickly moved to Alabama in order to discourage them from deserting and going home to protect their families. And it doesn’t look like a lot of that happened. But this was the first time anyone had attacked civilians like this, so they probably didn’t know how bad it was. In fact, the McCaughan brothers didn’t know their home was destroyed and mother was killed until the war was over, and that would be more than a year later. In their next battle, the 37th was the first on the field. That was the first battle of many the 37th would fight in to try and keep Sherman away from Atlanta, which he would later burn. By being first on the field, it looks like they were stating their loyalty to the Confederacy and their opposition to Sherman.

Whether intentional or not, the 37th spent the rest of the war trying to stop Sherman’s advance across the south, only to finally have to surrender to him when the war ended. So the 37th left Mississippi to fight in many hard battles, usually under General Johnston and General Hood, for another year until the very end of the war including the Atlanta Campaign, Franklin-Nashville Campaign, and the Carolina’s Campaign. Just about every battle was aimed at trying to stop Sherman. Mississippi had changed Sherman into a monster, and he continued his atrocities for the rest of the war. History records Sherman’s attack on Meridian as a practice run for his infamous “March to the Sea” that would come later on. Our ancestors were among the first of many to suffer by Sherman’s hand.

The 37th fought in many battles aimed at keeping Sherman out of Atlanta but ultimately failed. Sherman burned Atlanta, then instead of marching north to fight more confederates armies up there, he marched south to attack the unprotected civilian population like a coward. When he reached the ocean, he then went northeast through the Carolinas doing the same, burning yet another city along the way. Another one of Sherman’s “accidents.“ He had some crazy plan that the north could later repopulation the south with better people. He hated wealthy southerners worse than anything. When I was in school my Civil War education went like this; Grant fought Lee, Lee surrendered, Lincoln was assassinated, oh poor poor Lincoln. I heard little of the genocidal madman, Sherman, burning the south to the ground. It’s still hard to estimate how much damage Sherman did to the south.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman%27s_March_to_the_Sea (this is a sugar coated account, add in a lot more destruction, some murders and rapes and you get the idea)

Sherman always filled Lincoln and Grant in on the gory details of his marches. They always encouraged him to do more. It looks like it was a plan to fight a clean war for the press with Grant up north and a secret war deep in the south with Sherman, away from the northern press. And the northern press reports became the history, which is why most of this is probably new to you like it was too me. And for the record, the south never did anything similar. They always fought only soldiers, civilians and their property were always off limits. Confederates never burned a northern city, Sherman alone burned four. Slaves were like any other southern property to Sherman. He stole or killed them accordingly, often forcing them to build roads for the troops. From my brief research, the south lost the war for a few reasons; the north had repeating rifles (seven shots to every one southern shot), the south was badly outnumbered and undersupplied, and Sherman’s brutal tactics. Think about it, the Iraq war could have been easily won if we burned the whole country to the ground. But, realistically, the south would have lost even without Sherman’s tactics. It was overkill, an attempt at genocide, and just plain cowardly.

David’s brother Christopher caught pneumonia and died during the war and they shipped his body home. Mahala, Christopher’s widow, and other women had to bury him in the frozen ground because all the men were sent off to war. The rest of the brothers and David survived the war but all had a very rough time. Thomas was a POW on Johnson‘s Island in Lake Erie. James caught German Measles and was sent home for the rest of the war. John lost a leg and was sent home. It appears that David had to fight to the very end of the war, all the way to the horrible Carolinas Campaign when only a handful of starving Confederate soldiers were still alive. There’s some confusion about where Mahala was buried, her body may have been lost or destroyed. The family was never the same. David and his brothers gave up on Mississippi and met up each other in Texas after the war, where they stayed. My guess is there want much left of anything left that the Union didn’t burn down in that part of Mississippi. See:

http://www.civilwarhome.com/postwarsouth.htm

Watch the movie "Gone with the Wind" and you will a see a lot of historical parallels to what our family went though. The story was the same all over the south.

If anyone is in the Mississippi area, it might been fun to visit a few cemeteries. Saint Johns Methodist Church, Bay Springs (church is just north of Sylvarena) is said to have Mahala’s and Christopher’s graves. But I also heard they may be buried by James Lee McCaughan (husband, father) at Walnut Grove Cemetery at 1138 Gunter Road, Walnut Grove. Mahala may be buried as Mahala Flowers, but maybe as McCaughan. If they are at Walnut grove too, then they are not at the other cemetery. You see, they are generic “McCaughan” at the Methodist church, and the footstone has recently been added. If we had an exact death date for Mahala, we would have a better idea how she died. If she died Feb 1864, then Sherman got her. If 1862 or sooner, probably natural causes. If 1863 or 1865, maybe natural or maybe not. Additionally, Christopher’s footstone may need to be moved.

I would also like to make sure David has a Civil War veteran government issued footstone at his grave at Wilmeth Cemetery, Winters (just south of Abilene), TX. Wilmeth Cemetery is on the west side of Winters at the corner of Co Rd 379 and Farm to Market Rd 383. He probably does, but if not we need to get him one.

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Charles Morton McCaughan (M)

b. 17 November 1869, d. 20 January 1962

Father

David Haggard McCaughan b. November 1839, d. 21 December 1935

Mother

Mary Brown b. July 1841, d. 1919

 

Birth*

17 November 1869, Smith Co., Mississippi

Marriage*

12 August 1891, Texas, Spouse=Ida Lee Reed

Death*

20 January 1962, Lubbock, Lubbock Co., Texas

Burial*

after 20 January 1962, City of Lubbock Cemetery, Lubbock, Lubbock Co., Texas

 

Family

Ida Lee Reed b. 18 February 1872, d. 14 December 1945

Children

David Lynn Boyd McCaughan b. 6 Jun 1892, d. 10 Nov 1962

Emma Lee McCaughan b. 27 Sep 1893, d. 28 Mar 1988

Carl Leonard McCaughan b. 19 Feb 1895, d. 19 Aug 1925

Marvin Charles McCaughan b. Feb 1897, d. 20 Jan 1962

Thomas B. McCaughan b. Feb 1899, d. 22 Jul 1956

Jewel McCaughan b. 1901

Walter Ollie McCaughan b. 19 Jun 1904, d. 9 Oct 1953

Elton Luther McCaughan b. 21 Mar 1906, d. 26 Jun 1962

Robert Brown McCaughan b. 1908, d. 27 Nov 1954

Mary Pearl McCaughan b. 20 Feb 1910, d. 13 Dec 2000

Ella Pauline McCaughan b. c 1912, d. 11 Apr 2007

CHARLES MORTON McCAUGHAN: born around 1865, Smith County, Mississippi. Came to Texas with their parents. Married IDA REED. They moved to Oklahoma where they remained for several years and then they moved to Lubbock, Texas where he died.

Much more on Ida Reed’s line here:

http://www.cornerfamily.com/ (Do a search for Ida Reed, then click result with her married name McCaughan under it)

Ida’s mother, Sarah Jane McClean, was from Clan MacLean:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Maclean

And her line is proven all the way back to 1210 A.D. directly (you can trace it yourself from the cornerfamily.com link above) to the First Chief of Clan MacLean, Gillean of the Battle Axe:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gillean_of_the_Battle_Axe

Our line includes all up to and including Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean 1558-1598 A.D., 14th Clan Chief (all 14 included in above wiki page towards bottom of page, many include links to info about them). Our line braches off after that, no longer including clan chiefs.

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David Lynn Boyd McCaughan (M)

b. 6 June 1892, d. 10 November 1962

Father

Charles Morton McCaughan b. 17 November 1869, d. 20 January 1962

Mother

Ida Lee Reed b. 18 February 1872, d. 14 December 1945

 

Birth*

6 June 1892, Lometa, Lampasas Co., Texas

Marriage*

1909, Spouse=Pearl Mathis

Marriage*

23 December 1925, Lubbock, Lubbock Co., Texas, Spouse=Walter Myra Rich

Death*

10 November 1962, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Co., California

Burial*

after 10 November 1962, City of Lubbock Cemetery, Lubbock, Lubbock Co., Texas

 

Family 1

Pearl Mathis b. 1892

Children

Aubrey Brown McCaughan b. 4 Jan 1911, d. 9 Sep 2001

Otis Chanceler McCaughan b. 20 Jun 1912, d. 25 Jan 1992

 

Family 2

Walter Myra Rich b. 20 December 1905, d. 2 January 1994

Child

Walter Lynn McCaughan b. 8 Nov 1926, d. 1 May 2004

Picture of Pearl Mathis here:

http://mccaughan.webs.com/pearlmathis.jpg

Pearl Mathis’s line goes back further here:

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=m675&id=I222

And being that Alexander Mathis (maybe the first to name alter to “Mathis“) was born 1732 in Antrim Country Northern Ireland, this line of Mathis’s were mostly like part of the Plantation of Ulster and therefore from the Clan Matheson, Highland Scots:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Matheson

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Aubrey Brown McCaughan (M)

b. 4 January 1911, d. 9 September 2001

Father

David Lynn Boyd McCaughan b. 6 June 1892, d. 10 November 1962

Mother

Pearl Mathis b. 1892

 

Birth*

4 January 1911, Lampasas, Lampasas Co., Texas

Marriage*

13 September 1933, Spouse=Edith Ruth Wallace

Death*

9 September 2001, Corpus Christi, Nueces Co., Texas

 

Family

Edith Ruth Wallace b. 20 September 1914, d. 20 December 1975

Children

Patsy Ruth McCaughan b. 25 Mar 1933, d. b 2001

Gene Raymond McCaughan b. 13 Feb 1935, d. 29 Jul 2001

Barbara Sue McCaughan b. 1940, d. b 2001

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Wallace (Wiki page for Wallace clan, regarding Edith Ruth Wallace)

And the obvious:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wallace (there’s a good chance we are related to William Wallace, Wallaces of our line come from the same place he did, Ayrshire)

http://www.waichung.demon.co.uk/william/wallace.htm (or just watch the movie "Braveheart")

Philander Presley Wallace was Edith’s father, a WWI vet who later died in an oil field accident, his line here (hit “display pedigree in text format“ to change view, click on names for more info):

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=janoliver&id=I3941

(some interesting characters in our line there; a full blood Shawnee Indian, Besty Anderson, and a mental patient, John R. Ford, and my favorite a Mohawk Indian named The Sachem Third Castle Turtle Clan CANIACHKOO)

And the Wallace side goes back further here:

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=hkb&id=I00565&style=TABLE

(the line gets confusing so it goes like this: Edith, Philander II born 1890 wife Myrtle Olive West, James II born 1863 wife Julia Ann Ford, Philander I born 1841 wife Parthenia Kelley, James I born 1817 wife Martha Whitehurst - this James is the first one starting this tree)

A bunch of them are buried at Fort Graham Cemetery, Whitney (between Forth Worth and Waco), Texas:

http://www.interment.net/data/us/tx/hill/fort_graham.htm

I know many people liked Myrtle Olive West, Edith’s mother, so here’s her line. Myrtle Olive West was born 1895 TX. Myrtle’s parents were William Marcus West born 1871 TX wife Ella Lee Carson born 1877 Jacksonville, Kemper, MS. William Marcus’s parents were William Napoleon West born 1830 GA wife Olive Jane or Ollie born 1850 TX. Ella’s adoptive parents were John Franklin Carson Born about 1845 AL wife Hattie L. Davis born about 1857 MS. Ella was John’s sister, so something must have happened to John’s parents before Ella was three. Source for all of this information was familysearch.org, I left out the marriage dates, death dates, and so on if you want them for a family tree they are there.

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There it is.

Here I will put the line of Gillichrist MacCaughan, the oldest McCaughan line and definitely connected to the A.B. McCaughan line. I just haven’t been able to connect it yet. I figure they connect in the 1600 or 1700’s, so you are direct descendents of everyone before then. You will see towards the end of the line they end up in Ballycastle on the other side of town from Manus McCaughan (MacCaughan then). But knowing the area history, we definitely come from the Gillichrist line. All McCaughan’s from that area come from that line. If want to research and go further back than Manus, stay away from the O’Cahans. There was a Manus O’Cahan who lived in Ballinlea were Manus McCaughan also lived, and it’s confused genealogists ever since. It was wrongly assumed that the O’Cahan’s changed their name to McCaughan. O’Cahans are Irish, and of a totally different line. I’ve triple checked this, so just ignore O’Cahans. They are not related to McCaughans in any way. Unless they married each other, which is possible.

The Gillichrist line from:

http://members.tripod.com/~McCoin_Geneology/

HEADS OF CLAN MacEACHAIN

The following is a report, in part, from Chevalier John Alexander McCaughan to the Lords of Lyon Court:

The genealogy of this family has not been fully researched and firmly documented for the years prior to 1150 A.D., this primarily because of the evident scarcity of Public Records for some periods in Galloway history. Until we come to Gillichrist MacEachain, the first of this family found on records with their surname Anglized. His Christian name indicates his family close connections with the Celtic Church in those early days. Gillichrist meant "son of Christ, born on Christ's birthday".

17th GILLICHRIST MacEACHAIN/MacCAUGHAN, the lst Historical Representative, 17th Traditional Head of the Name and Family. The first Feudal Baron and Laird Barone of McCaughan and 5th MacEachain Mor. In the first document where his name is found he is registered Gillichrist MeCachen (the mode still pronouncing the family name in the old land) when his name appears in the 4th place as witness to a charter of lands by Earl Duncan of Galloway, to Monks at Melrose Abbey. He witnessed other land-charters in Galloway during the reign of Malcolm IV, King of Scotland 1153-1165 and his brother and successor William the Lion. also King of Scotland 1165-1214 A.D. Among other issue, his heir, CONALL.

18 th CONALL, or RONALD McCAUGHAN, succeeded his father as 2nd Feudal Barone and Laird Barone of McCaughan. Early in the 13th century, it is apparent that his family branched out and spread over into the Kingdom of Man, where because of the early mention of the surname in Manx Chronicles, and again in place-names, some which are Ballakcighan (Abbory Parish), and Ballakaighan (German Parish) are still preserved. In the Manx Kingdom, the family name again variously recorded and most often begins with the letter "K", also since 1611 A.D., some branches have dropped the prefix "Mac" entirely. Conall died in Wigtownshire, supposed to be in battle, leaving two sons: DUNCAN and ROLAND.

ROLAND McCAUGHAN, the younger, sometimes Roland McGauchan, or Roland de Mearns, by which he was better known, was Laird Barone of a district in Renfrewshire, at Paisley, Scotland. His granddaughter, Lady Mary McGauchan, the heretrix of the Baroney of Mearns, married Sir Aymer Maxwell and they were the ancestors to the Earls of Nithsdale and all the House of Maxwell. Sir Aymer and his wife, Lady Mary, served on the Council of Alexander 111 rd., King of Scotland 1249-1286, till September 1255 after which Sir Aymer was Chamberlain of Scotland 1258-1260 and Jucticiar of Galloway 1264 A.D.

19 th DUNCAN McCAUGHAN, or Duncan Ap Scollosthes, 3rd Feudal and Laird Barone, and possibly aLay Abbot of the Native Church in his territory in Kirkcudbrightshire. The official, or To-name also borne by the McCaughan Representatives as they enter mediaeval times and even up to 1300 A.D., is that of Askelok, a name found variously recorded, that is derived from the Pictish name of Scollofthes meaning the official or Head of his church. "Ap" is Welch for "son of". According to many scholars, this is one of the few words handed down to us from the Pictish times. A Monk in his writings (1170-1173) writes that in the Pictish language of Galloway the Official or the Head of a church was called Scollofthes. The "Ap" might indicate also that his father had been a minister. "Ap Scollofthes" meaning lison of the minister". They used this To-name when doing business with the church. Duncan was succeeded by his son, FERGUS.

20 th FERGUS McCAUGHAN was succeeded by his son, GILBERT.

21st GILBERT McCAUGHAN c A.D. 1225-1290, the 4th Representative of his Name and Family is at least on one occassion referred to as Gilbert Askelok..Gilbert Scollofthes.. In 1291, his widow Wilhemina Askeloc (sic) was granted by Edward lst, King of England, a protection sine termino to proceed to Cumberland, England. Since Cumberland is mentioned several times in this family's history it is more than possible that she was a Briton from Cumberland. They had issue amongst others, the eldest son and heir, ROLAND.

22nd ROLAND McCAUGHAN c A.D. 1255-1307, (sometimes spelled the name McGachan), Del Counte de Wigtown and also of Barmagachan, Kirkcudbrightshire and Rathcachan (Rath n Eac'ain) the 5th historical Head of his House, the 10th MacEachain Mor, and the 5th Feudal Baron, in 1291 A.D., Roland and his eldest son, Hector, are recorded by their official name of Askeloche (sic) when they served on the Assize Jury at Berwick-On- Tweed.

Roland is registered on the part of the Ragman Roll compiled from Wigtownshire, when he swore fealty and rendered homage to Edward lst, King of England, and evidently attended the Parliment of Berwick, held from the 28th of August to September 16th 1296. Roland's seal of Arms as appended to the Ragman Roll and still evident are..Or a dexter Hand apaumee and Erect Cules.. (cropped red, right hand on Or, or white). In 1300 Roland and his wife, Katerina (Kathleen) granted a Charter of some of their land at Barmagachan for the Parish of Borgue, Kirkcudbrightshire. In this charter (still evident) Roland's Family name and again his official name of Askelaoches (sic) are both used. The many times the To- name was used by members of these families establish beyond a doubt that their forefathers were the Heads or Chief Officials in the Native or Pictish Church in their domain. It is also intimated that in Roland's time, he also held certain parts of his Mother's land near Allordale, Cumberland, England, and there was referred to as the lst Lord Baron of McCaughan. Because of his active participation in the Scottish war for Independance on the side of Robert the Bruce, Roland's lands in Wigtownshire were forfeited to the English Crown. He was killed during battle fighting alonside King Robert 1st. Roland and Lady Katerina McCaughan had with other issue, two sons. HECTOR and FERGUS.

FERGUS McCAUGHAN, the younger, a name child of Fergus, Lord of Galloway 1136-1161 A.D., was also registered on the Ragman Roll, when he was a Representative from Wigtownshire, he paid homage at Berwick-On-Tweed on the 28th of August 1295. Fergus is recorded as Fergus Askolo (sic).

23rd SIR HECTOR McCAUGHAN, c 1270-1335 A.D. on the 28th August 1296, he was also registered on the Ragman Roll as a Representative from Wigtown and under the To-name of Ascoloc (sic). His seal of arms as evidence by the Ragman Roll are ..AZURE two lions in pale passant to dexter OR..and his seal is ensigned "Sigillo Hectori Ascoloc".

Sir Hector was imprisoned for causing the death of Cutbert of Galloway while he fought alongside Robert the Bruce on the side of the English, prior to the Scottish War for independence. In 1302 A.D. Hector was pardoned by Robert the Bruce when he became King Robert 1st of Scotland, and Hector was made King Roberts Private Standard Bearer (he carried the Kings flag everywhere the King went, quite an honor.)

In 1307 A.D., Sir Hector married LADY FLORENC E de WIGTOWN. They were succeeded by their son, LAUGHLIN.

More on Robert the Bruce (from Braveheart) here:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_the_Bruce

24th LAUGHLIN McCAUGHAN, succeeded hi s father in 1335 A.D., as the 7th historical and 24th traditional Representative of his Family . His successor was his son, MAURICE.

25th MAURICE McCAUGHAN, sometimes Mauric e McGaychyn, the 8th Laird Barone, is recorded in 1377 A.D., an English safe pass at the request of Archibald Douglas, Earl of Galloway. It is surmis ed that he was visiting kin in Cumberland, England. Maurice was succeeded by his son, DUNCAN.

26th DUNCAN McCAUGHAN, was succeeded by his son, ROLAND.

27th ROLAND McCAUGHAN, b.c. 1376, became on the death of his father, believed to have bee n in 1409 A.D., the 11th Representative of his name and Family and the 10th Laird Barone. His era saw a move of the family from being large land owners to comparatively lesser owners at Glenluce, Wigtownshire. Roland had with other issue, a son and successor, FERGUS.

28th FERGUS McCAUGHAN (2), b.c. 1406, and of Corsmacachan at Glenluce, and Kirklands and the first of Callones (sometimes Gallones) all in Wigtownshire, he was the Ilth Laird Barone of McCaughan. In 1460, Fergus was in possession of the 33 shillings and 4 pence lands of Kirklands (now Kirkandrew), whereupon presently the stately monument erected in memory of Sir Andrew Agnew. In the same year, Fergus had the lands of Callones , in the Parish of Kirkmaiden, Wigtownshire, pledged into his hands by Lord Gilbert Kennedy. Fergus died at Callones before 1470 A.D. leaving other issue, his wife, thought to be a Dickerson, and an eldest son, JOHN.

29th JOHN McCAUGHAN (1), b.c. 1423 at Corsmacachan, became the 2nd of Callones and the 12th Laird Barone on the death of his father. John is mentioned in the Carte Monialium de North Ber wick, as Johnne McCachyn. He was recorded as the Notary, 25th February 1485, issued by George Bish op of Galloway. John died c. A.D. 1499 and was succeeded by his son FERGUS.

30th FERGUS McCAUGHAN (3), the 3rd of Callones, Kirkmaiden Parish, Wigtownshire, is rec orded in the Register of the Great Seal of Scotlan d, vol 2, p. 2056, as a witness to a document dated 10 May 1490, and others. On the 9th June 1531, Fergus resigned as Parish Clerk, (the higest office bestowed by the Laity on one of its members) of his home Parish of Kirkmaiden, in the Mull of Galloway . Fergus died at Callones before 1535 A.D. leaving his wife, Margaret, the daughter of John Macgeouch and a large family of which his two eldest sons were: ANDREW and JOHN.

SIR ANDREW McCAUGHAN, the eldest, entered the church. In the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Vol. 12, p. 709, is registered that the Reverand Andrew McCachan was on the 8th of June 1506, appointed Rector of Armurchy. He passed the honors of being the Clan Head to his younger brother, John.

31st SIR JOHN McCAUGHAN (2) b. Callones, W igtownshire, became on the death of his father his s uccessor as the 4th of Callones, Wigtownshire, 14th Laird Barone of McCauhan. John was a Notary Public, is recorded as Sir John McGachand when at Crawford john on the 16th March, 1535. He evidently was the first of the family domiciled in the adjacent County of Ayr and at the Royal Burgh of Irvine, where his name appears on record dating from 1499 A.D. and where he died leaving issue amongst others, two sons: JOHN and JAMES.

SIR JAMES McCAUGHAN, the younger, was appointed in 1538 A.D. by the Crown and Rector of the Church of Kilblann (now Southend ) Mull of Kintyre, Argyllshire, in the Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland, Vol. 3, he is recorded as Sir James McGaughane and in local histories he is regarded as the Bishop and Abbot of this ancient Columbian Foundation.

32 nd SIR JOHN McCAUGHAN (3), born at Irvine, Ayrshire, succeeded his father before

1540 A. D. He was 15th Laird Barone or historical Head of the House of McCaughan and 32nd traditional Head. John (3) is on record as Sir John McGachan when on the 4th of October, 1540 at Edinbur gh, Scotland, he set out the rents for the upkeep of the now historic Parish Church of St. John the Baptist, Irvine. He is also mentioned under different spellings of the family name in "Muniments of the Royal Burgh of Irvine" dated up to 1542 A.D. where he was in possession of extensive property, some of which is mentioned in the records of St. Conwall. Kilblann, etc. John died c. 1570 at Irvin e, leaving issue of whom his successor, son ANDREW.

It is a coincidence that 425 years later and almost to the day, his namesake and direct descendant, Chevalier John Alexander McCaughan, performed the same duties as a Churchwarden in the Parish Church of Toronto, Canada, also named St John the Baptist.

33rd ANDREW McCAUGHAN, was succeeded by his grandson, ARCHIBALD. It is believed that his only son, named Alexander, must have died before his father-thus the honors passed to a grandson.

34 th ARCHIBALD McCAUGHAN, in 1598 A. D. got land on the Mull of Kintyre. His tenture of the lands were seemingly very troubled and temporary (land was lost in a war with Clan Donald). In 1600 A.D. the family left all and together with other related lowland families. They journeyed the eighteen miles across the North Channel into County Antrim, Ireland where they were treated royally and obtained lands from the Earl of Antrim. As public documents disclose this was the original family of the name recorded in Antrim, where seemly Archibald died leaving 8 sons, who in 1659 A.D. were recorded at the following places of residence all in north east Antrim and within a short distance of one another.

(1) JOHN McCAUGHAN (4) and of whom presently.

(2) ALEXANDER McCAUGHAN, of Ballyverdagh, Culfeigtrin Parish, Co. Antrim.

(3) GILLICHRIST McCAUGHAN, Ballinloughan, Culfeightrin Parish, Co. Antrim.

(4) LOGHLIN McCAUGHAN, Ballynagard, Culfeightin Parish, Co. Antrim.

(5) ANGUS McCAUGHAN, Cross, nr. Ballyvoy, Culfeightrin Parish, Co. Antrim.

(6) DANIEL McCAUGHAN, Dunlace, Dunlace Parish, Co. Antrim.

(7) OGAN McCAUGHAN, Kilcroagh, Armory Parish, Co. Antrim.

(8) DONALD McCAUGHAN, Unshanagn, Ladye Parish, Co. Antrim

35th JOHN McCAUGHAN (4) b.c. 1600 in Scotland, succeeded his father and became the 2nd of Ballyverdagh, Glenshesk, nr. Ballycastle, County Antrim, Ireland. Ballyverdagh is recorded as Ballyberidagh, a place from the Gaelic meaning "Dunbardach" meaning Warden's fort of castle. Its fronting the east banks of the Shesk River, in Glenshesk, and descendants continued to live on these lands for almost 300 years. John (4) died at Ballyverdagh c. 1672, leaving his wife, Margaret, daughter of Archibald MacGillebride of Ferran and a son and heir, ALEXANDER.

36th ALEXANDER McCAUGHAN, recorded in early documents as Alexander McCahan, b.c. 1639, at Ballyverdagh, succeeded his father as 3rd of Ballyverdagh and the 19th Head or Representative of his House. Married Mary, daughter of Charles McVurrich (Curry) of Ferran, and died 1697, leaving three sons:

(1) JOHN McCAUGHAN (5), his heir.

(2) CHARLES McCAUGHAN, married and had issue.

(3) ALEXANDER McCAUGHAN, married and had issue.

37th JOHN McCAUGHAN (5) born ca. 1662 at Ballyverdagh where he died 1730 leaving issue of five sons and one daughter by his wife, Sarah, granddaughter and heiress of Art McDowney, formerly of Wigtownshire, Scotland.

(1) JOHN McCAUGHAN, born 1695, predeaces his father.

(2) LAUGHLIN McCAUGHAN, of whom presently.

(3) JAMES McCAUGHAN

(4) ALEXANDER McCAUGHAN

(5) MARGARET McCAUGHAN

(6) ARCHIBALD McCAUGHAN

38 th LAUGHLIN McCAUGHAN, eldest surviving son, succeeded his father in 1730 A.D. as 21st historical Head of his House is mentioned in the County Antrim Roll of surname in 1734 A.D. as Laughy McCagen of Ballyverdagh. He married Mary, daughter of Hugh Niven, the lineal descendant of Hugh Niven also from Wigtownshire, Scotland, and died 1771 (will probated 1772) interred in Culfreightrin leaving issue of six sons:

(1) JOHN McCAUGHAN (6), of whom presently

(2) HUGH McCAUGHAN, born 1726, married and had issue.

(3) CHARLES McCAUGHAN, born 1727, married and had issue.

(4) LAUGHLIN McCAUGHAN, born 1729, married and had issue.

(5) HECTOR McCAUGHAN, born 1731, married and had issue.

(6) PATRICK McCAUGHAN, born 1735, married and had issue.

39 th JOHN McCAUGHAN (6), born 1724 at Ballyverdagh, succeeded his father 1771 as 5th of Ballyverdagh and 22nd historical and 39th traditional Head of the House of McCaughan. John (6) died 1793, leaving issue of four sons and two daughters by his wife Agnes, daughter of Alexander McCahan of Ballynagard, the lineal descendant of Laughlin McCaughan.

(1) JOHN McCAUGHAN (7), of whom presently.

(2) ALEXANDER McCAUGHAN, born 1756, married and had issue.

(3) ARCHIBALD McCAUGHAN, born 1758, married and had issue.

(4) SARAH McCAUGHAN, born 1760.

(5) MARY McCAUGHAN, born 1761.

(6) CHARLES McCAUGHAN, born 1763, married and had issue.

40 th JOHN McCAUGHAN (7), born 1754, Ballyverdagh, Glenshesk, County Antrim, succeeded his father in 1793, served in the Yoemen (the Royal Cavalry), married Anne, daughter of John McBride of Monoclough. John (7) died at Ballyverdagh 15th January 1867, interred at Culreightrin, aged 83.

 

Other McCaughan info:

http://www.memphisscots.com/Clans/MacEachain.html

http://members.tripod.com/~McCoin_Geneology/index-28.html

http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/m/maceachain2.htm

How to be a Genealogist, for free. Search wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com and familysearch.org, be sure to include birth year and/or county. Use the same tactic with Google and Google Books, using quotation marks “First Name Last Name” to ensure exact name match. Familysearch.org is the most accurate, use it as a fact check. Google to research the history of when and where they lived, wikipedia.org to research famous events, people, clans, and so on. Talk to old family members, rumors are almost always true. Congratulations, you’re a Genealogist.

Still want more? Fine, here’s a cut and paste from here:

http://members.tripod.com/~McCoin_Geneology/

It ties all the McCaughan info together really well.

THE EARLY FAMILIES

In 1965, I found the "Head of our Clan" who was, at the time, Sir John Alexander McCaughan of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He was the oldest son of the oldest son down through 43 generations (from line of Gillichrist MacCaughan I posted above). He worked his lifetime documenting the Heads of the Clan and has the family worked back to 247 A.D. In 1979, John was knighted for the third time to Chevalier which was the highest he could go and not be of Royal blood. At that time, the Heraldry of Ireland presented us with our "House badge" The following is what Chevalier John Alexander McCaughan told me about the early family.

We derive from the Pictish Tribes, as they are now called. A lot has been written about the Picts but no one knows for sure just where they came from to what is now called England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland, they were there thousands of years before others started populating the area and when they were later defeated and the clans broken up by the Vikings, the Picts left no written history or written language. I asked Chevalier John just where he thought they came from and he told me he thought they were Norsemen, going strickly by their coloring and stature. They were big boned, strong, blue eyes, hair from blond to sandy brown and they seemed to be at home on sea as well as on land. Of course, we are not all big, Blue eyed, with sandy hair today. After all, our mothers, or fathers as the case might be, had a little to do with what we look like and the dark genes are much stronger than the light. Enough is written about the early Picts in histories to tell us they came in family groups which were called tribes or clans. The bigger the group, the safer they were so they stayed in these family groups, living as one family. This was long before Christian names were used so to identify themselves, each family group got together and chose one from their group they felt could lead their family best. He was the "Lord" or "Leader". Each of these Lords decided upon a symbol of a fish, a fowl or an animal they admired for its strength, bravery, etc. Ours chose the Horse so he became the "Horse Lord" or "Leader of the Horse tribe".

When we were in battle with another clan, since we had no uniforms to tell us apart in the heat of the battle, our shields had a white horse standing on it back legs, painted on it. The shields had a wooden frame with leather stretched over the frame. For paint, they had used berry, nut or tree stains. As they began to weave, a banner (totem or flag) was woven with a white horse on it. This banner flew over the family compound if we were not in battle and taken with them and flown during a battle. All the clansmen worked in the fields and brought their grain, or their kill, to one place and everyone ate from this supply. When a man married, he brought his bride to his clan, so his sons fought for the Horse Tribe, so when a girl married, she went to her husbands clan and her sons fought for her husbands clan. The Head of the Clan was the overseer, he owned everything and he made all the decisions for the family, but he also was responsible for everyone in the clan. maidens, orphaned children, widows, etc. to see that they were fed, protected and clothed. When he died, the next in line, who was generally his oldest son, got everything and became the next "Head of the Clan". If the Head had no sons, or for some reason, no son qualified (idiot, etc) then he could choose who he wanted to be next in line.

In Scottish Gaelic, "Horse Lord" was spelled "Eacain", later it started being spelled "MacEachain". In Scotland, Mac or as we now write Mc, in front of a name means "Son of, or descendant of" so MacEachain means, "son of, or descendant of the Horse Lord". In Ireland, in an early Clan book, Chevalier John found Prince Eachain, in 247 A.D. leading his Clan across the channel from what is now County Down, Northern Ireland to what is now southern Scotland, around Galloway. His father, who had been the King of the Irish Picts, had just been killed defending his kingdom so Eachain, the next in line, was leading the family to safety.

It is surmised that they had just had a Clan war and had lost. At this time. Gaelic was spoken. hundred of years later, when Scotland became part of the British Isles, England sent British subjects to Scotland as Kings and more people started populating and area. Like we treated our American Indians, these people started treating the Picts. History books call us the "terrible Picts", for we always seemed to be fighting someone. Well, naturally, some one was always trying to take land from us we had claimed for hundreds of years. About this time, the Vikings came to Scotland and the King realized he had two fighting groups on his hands, the Vikings and the Picts, so the King made a deal with the Vikings that if they would do away with the Picts and break up the clans, the Vikings could have what land they wanted, which they did pretty well. What Picts left, sort of melted in with the remainder of the people. Records were not kept well in "Pict Land" which is southern Scotland, until around 1150 A.D. when Chevalier John found in the first book the recording of Gillichrist MacEachain. Since Scotland was part of the British Isles, more and more English was being spoken and there appears to have been a drive for the men with Gaelic spelled names to change them to the English version.

Gillichrist changed his name to MacCaughan. The clans were broken up by this time so not all changed the name and Chevalier John found over fifty ways spelled during this time. He didn't feel they kept all these spellings. Many of them were not educated and about the only place their names were recorded were in Church records. If they couldn't read or write, it was left up to the church clerk to spell it like it sounded to him. In Gaelic speaking countries, McCaughan and McEachain are pronounced the same, even today. It is "Mc Cack" a short roll and a short n. Since we do not have a roll in our language, Some picked up an "r" in the name. There are many English versions of the name but McCaughan is still the most popular. If you work on the family in America, you will find quite often the name was spelled McCaughran. This means the Gaelic pronunciation was still being used and the roll came out sounding like an "r".

All through the reign of the British Kings in Scotland, Chevalier John found the Heads of the Clans were very close to the Kings. They were in their armies, their wardens, their ministers, we sat on their juries and one, Sir Hector, was the Private Standard Bearer for King Robert 1st. Many were knighted. In Scotland and Ireland, each man has to earn his own titles. They are not passed on down through generation to generation like in England. You do not ask for a knighthood. It is given to you by the Royal Family in recognition of you for an outstanding in some field-bravery in battle, music, theater, writing, etc. Johns last knighthood was given to him because he had documented our name back so far. For favors we did for the Kings, they gave us land and homes. We seemed to have lived pretty "high on the hog" for many generations. We owned homes by the sea, homes in the mountains, and our castle "Barmagachan" in the Parish of Borgue, near Kirkcudbright, is still in existence.

Our clansmen who have visited Barmagachan report that it is quite a thrill. Rather than a castle, they said they would call it a manor house, but it is called a castle. Its the oldest building in the area. All the natives call it "Old Barney". You can get the directions to it by going to the tourist bureau in downtown Kirkcudbright. It has around 20 rooms, built in a U shape. I don't know how much land it originally had but it still goes to the Irish Sea (about 3 miles) and it includes the Parish of Borgue, which is about a half mile away.in When Scotland had her war with England for her independence, like our revolutionary war, and she won, she took back all the lands from the different men who had been given land and homes by the British subject Kings. At this time, we lost Barmagachan and most all the other homes and land we owned.

Around 1600 A.D., The Honorable Earl of Antrim, who was Protestant and who owned most of the five counties that is now called Northern Ireland, looked around and found that after the reform, most of the Catholics of the Isles were settling in southern Ireland. He felt that one day they would cause him trouble so he sent word to Scotland that any Protestant who needed land, he would give them land if they would come help him defend his land. The Head of our Clan at that time was Archibald McCaughan and he had 8 sons. He took his family from Scotland to County Antrim, Ireland, where he was given 1500 acres which starts two and a half miles south of where the city of Ballycastle now stands. He named his land "Ballyverdagh" which in Gaelic means, "Home of the warden to the King" so we feel he could have possibly at one time been a warden to the King. His sons all stayed in Northern Ireland.

Chevalier John said it is not the best land in Northern Ireland but it is the most beautiful. It is in the Glens where all the songs and poems are written about. Unlike before him when the Heads of the Clan died, he left everything to the next in line, it appears that Archibald gave each son land in different parts of Ballyverdagh when the son married. Ballyverdagh today is not much larger than an average farm but the land around it of a radius of about 8 miles is owned by different McCaughan's, or those of McCaughan blood. Ballyverdagh has been passed down to the next in line for the 10 generations they have been in Ireland. Chevalier John received it at the age of 6 when his father died. John is the oldest of 3 sons and his mother could not run the farm and get her children to school each day in Ballycastle so she rented the farm to an uncle and she took her family to Ballycastle, where they were raised.

 

~We, the most distant dwellers upon the earth, the last of the free, have been shielded...by our remoteness and by the obscurity which has shrouded our name...Beyond us lies no nation, nothing but waves and rocks~